2018 Veterinary Emerging Topics (VET)® Report

In this year’s report, we’re shining a spotlight on antimicrobial resistance in feline patients.

The Problem

Usage patterns for antimicrobial treatment of feline UTI and RTI had low concordance with ISCAID treatment guidelines. The opportunities for our profession to exercise greater influence on the judicious use of antimicrobials warrants a discussion on ways in which we can promote compliance and adherence to these guidelines.

Defining Compliance and Adherence1


The extent to which pets receive a treatment, screening or procedure in accordance with accepted veterinary health care practices. It involves staff performing and/or recommending treatments, screenings and procedures, as well as pet owner follow-through.


The extent to which patients take medications prescribed, including the pet owner filling and refilling the prescription; administering the correct dose, timing and use; and completing the prescribed course.

Potential Contributing Factors to Opportunities on Treatment Pathway

Unique feline challenges

Hiding behaviors, defense mechanisms, taste preferences.


88% of veterinarians are unaware of existing sets of antimicrobial use guidelines.2

Client compliance

Concerns around owner ability to successfully administer oral medication for the recommended treatment course.

Read the full report on how we can promote the health of pets by using antimicrobials responsibly.


  1. American Animal Hospital Association. Compliance: taking quality care to the next level; a report of the 2009 AAHA compliance follow-up study. American Animal Hospital Association. 2009.
  2. AVMA Task Force for Antimicrobial Stewardship in Companion Animal Practice. Understanding companion animal practitioners' attitudes toward antimicrobial stewardship. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2015;247:883-884.